A body of rules that delineate private rights and remedies, and govern disputes between individuals in such areas as contracts, property, and Family Law; distinct from criminal or public law. Civil law systems, which trace their roots to ancient Rome, are governed by doctrines developed and compiled by legal scholars.
ref; Civil law legal definition of civil law
ref: What are some examples of civil law cases? | Reference.com
Criminal Law, as distinguished from civil law, is a system of laws concerned with punishment of individuals who commit crimes. ... A “crime” is any act or omission in violation of a law prohibiting it, or omitted in violation of a law ordering it.
Family law is a practice area concerned with legal issues involving family relationships, such as adoption, divorce, and child custody. Attorneys practicing family law typically handle divorce, child custody, child support, and other related legal matters.